According to the Indian government, country needs 57,847,217 more hygienic toilets to put an end to the practice of manual scavenging. Though it (manual scavenging) may have been abolished in the country, it is still visible in some parts of the country.
Around 23 states and all union territories have adopted the Employment of Manual Scavengers and (Prohibition) Act of 1993, which abolishes the age-old practice in which mostly Dalits clean faeces and carcasses.
"Two states, namely, Manipur and Mizoram, have reported that there are no dry latrines and the states are scavengers free. Rajasthan and Himachal Pradesh have enacted their own act. Jammu and Kashmir is yet to adopt the act," Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation Minister Kumari Selja is reported to tell the Rajya Sabha in a written reply on the status of adoption and implementation of the law.
The minister said only the Uttar Pradesh government had reported 32,314 prosecutions under the act since April 2002, but fine was imposed on offenders only in 5,206 cases, just a sixth of the total cases.